Grammar and Usage

Lesson 5 (Level 1)

Question and Negative with (Be)

تدریس صوتی استاد

The verb be is a helping verb and therefore, It can make a sentence question and negative.


Question with Be

- The verb be is used to turn a sentence into question.
Note: To turn a sentence into question we simply move the verb be to the start of the sentence and add a question mark (?) at the end.


Examples:

  • Simple Present Tense - (am)

  • I am from Afghanistan. (statement)
  • Am I from Afghanistan? (question)

  • Present Continues Tense - (am)

  • I am shopping online. (statement)
  • Am I shopping online?? (question)

  • Simple Present Tense - (is)

  • He is a nice person. (statement)
  • Is he your friend? (question)
  • She is a teacher at school (statement)
  • Is she an English teacher? (question)
  • It is rainy in kabul. (statement)
  • Is it windy too? (question)

  • Present Continues Tense - (is)

  • He is driving a taxi.(statement)
  • Is he working in the city? (question)
  • She is teaching at school. (statement)
  • Is she working at home, too?(question)
  • It is getting cold. (statement)
  • Is It getting snowy, too?(question)

  • Simple Present Tense - (are)

  • You are a politician. (statement)
  • Are you a politician? (question)
  • We are classmates and friends. (statement)
  • Are We classmates and friends? (question)
  • They are very friendly. (statement)
  • Are They very serious? (question)
  • Present Continues Tense - (are)

  • You are talking on the phone. (statement)
  • Are you talking to Mahmood?(question)
  • We are cleaning the house. (statement)
  • Are We helping our mothers? (question)
  • They are selling vegetables. (statement)
  • Are they selling fruits, too? (question)


Negation with Be

- The verb be is used to make a sentence negative.
Note: To make a sentence negative we simply add not after the verb be.


Examples:

  • Simple Present Tense - (am)

  • I am a driver. (statement)
    I am not a driver. (negative)

  • Present Continues Tense - (am)

  • I am walking in the park. (statement)
  • I am not sitting at home. (Negative)

  • Simple Present Tense - (is)

  • He is a student. (statement)
    He is not a student. (negative)
  • she is a teacher. (statement)
    she is not a teacher. (negative)
  • It is a good time for swimming. (statement)
  • It is not a good time for football. (Negative)

  • Present continues Tense - (am)

  • He is working at a hotel. (statement)
  • He is not working at a bank. (Negative)
  • She is learning English Online. (statement)
  • She is not going to school. (Negative)

  • Simple Present Tense - (are)

  • You are good at English writing. (statement)
  • You are not good at English speaking. (Negative)
  • We are brave people. (statement)
  • We are not coward people. (Negative)
  • they are from the USA. (statement)
    they are not from Canada. (negative)

  • Present continues Tense - (are)

  • You are traveling to Turkey. (statement)
  • You are not staying in Qatar. (Negative)
  • We are studying at university. (statement)
  • We are not teaching at school. (Negative)
  • They are living in Japan. (statement)
  • They are not living in Singapore. (Negative)

Grammar Exercise

Exercise:

Type the Question and Negative form of the following sentences

شکل سئوالیه و منفی جملات ذیل را تایپ کنید
  1. Mahmood is from Kabul.
    ?
  2. Habiba and Amena are sisters.
    ?
  3. we are good at football.
    ?
  4. my car is black and red.
    ?
  5. Hassan is at home.
    ?
  6. Majid and I are brothers
    ?
  7. they are at school now.
    ?
  8. Sara is a teacher at school
    ?

Try the above exercise on your own first. see the answers only if you're unable to figure out the answers.
See Answers

Vocabulary and Phrases

Words Meanings:

English vocabulary
  1. complete

  2. 👉   When I (complete) my university education, I will start looking for a job.

    👉   I want to buy a (complete) set of Apple wares such as a MacBook, iPhone, iPad and an Apple watch.

    👉   My sister has (completed) the sixth grade and is going to seven next year.

  3. correct

  4. 👉   to (correct) something means to make it free of errors.

    👉   Please (correct) me if I am wrong.

    👉   Only after decades It was found out that the "flat earth" theory was not (correct).

  5. partner

  6. 👉   Nowadays, many of the big technology companies become (partners) in innovative projects in order to make efficient progress.

    👉   Turkey along with so many other countries are European (partners) of NATO Alliance.

  7. activity

  8. 👉   students can learn much better with a class (activity) than a solo homework.

    👉   The advancements in radar technology have made every air (activity) of aerial vehicles detectible.

    👉   More physical (activity) will lead to better health in young and old people.

  9. personal

  10. 👉   this is his (personal) opinion and that in no way reflects of ours.

    👉   I purchased my (personal) computer when I was in China.

  11. information

  12. 👉   (information) is the key to the success of every business.

    👉   The era of internet is really the era of (information).

    👉   Now, with a simple search on google, one can access to the top (information) just about everything.

  13. famous

  14. 👉   Android and iOS are the two most (famous) mobile operating systems that empower millions of devices.

    👉   Amazon, ebay, BestBuy are some of the (famous) online markets where millions of purchases are made daily.

    👉   Online Marketing is (famous) among new generation of information technology students.

  15. want

  16. 👉   My sister (wants) to be a doctor in the future.

    👉   We (want) to develop our country and make it a safe place for investments and tourism.

  17. have to

  18. 👉   First, we, ourselves (have to) learn how to safely use social media and then to teach our kids how to use them.

    👉   Man and woman (have to) gain skill through education so as to help this country in its development

  19. can

  20. 👉   Women (can) be as eligible to have a role in the development of a society as men (can).

    👉   (Can) we work and live together peacefully despite our differences in beliefs and race?

Conversation and Homework

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